Are coriander leaves safe during pregnancy?

Herbs play a significant role in enhancing the flavor and aroma of our meals, forming a common part of our diet. Among the widely utilized herbs, including dill, mint leaves, parsley, coriander leaves, and basil, coriander leaves stand out for their distinctive and robust flavor, particularly cherished in Indian cuisine. Despite their culinary popularity, it is crucial to be aware of the benefits and safety measures associated with consuming certain foods during pregnancy.

Coriander leaves are readily available and can be incorporated into salads or used as a garnish for various dishes, a common practice in everyday Indian cooking. Additionally, coriander seeds find their way into roasted meats, baked goods, pickled vegetables, and various other culinary creations. The leaves can serve as a flavorful base for marinades, combining harmoniously with ingredients like peanuts, coconut milk, garlic, and lemon juice.

To make informed choices during pregnancy, it is essential to delve into the pros and cons of including coriander leaves in the diet. Let’s explore the details of consuming coriander leaves during this significant phase.

Are coriander leaves safe during pregnancy?
Are coriander leaves safe during pregnancy?

Is it Safe to Include Coriander Leaves in the Pregnancy Diet?

According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the consumption of coriander leaves during pregnancy is deemed safe, given that the leaves are ingested in typical culinary quantities (as opposed to concentrated medicinal forms), and proper hygiene practices are followed during the herb’s preparation.

Coriander leaves boast a range of health properties, including being antidiabetic, antimutagenic, antimicrobial, hypnotic, sedative, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, diuretic, and sleep-inducing. Rich in vitamins and antioxidants, coriander leaves have demonstrated benefits such as cholesterol reduction and blood sugar level control. Additionally, coriander seeds derived from the plant are commonly used in cooking and are considered safe for pregnant women.

It is often advised by experienced family members that a pregnant woman’s diet should incorporate coriander leaves. Notably, this spice aids in the elimination of metals from the body. Toxic heavy metals like mercury, lead, and cadmium can pass through the placenta, accumulating in fetal tissues. Exposure to such metals during pregnancy may increase the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, or the birth of a child with defects. Furthermore, these metals can potentially impact the development of a baby’s brain.

Is it Safe to Consume Raw Cilantro During Pregnancy?

Coriander leaves, like many other herbs, are commonly used as a garnish in various dishes, adding both color and flavor. Fresh herbs, including coriander leaves, are typically consumed in their raw form without undergoing a “kill step” process, such as cooking.

The term “kill step” refers to procedures employed to deactivate potentially harmful pathogens in a food product, a crucial measure for ensuring food safety. Common “kill step” methods include cooking, pasteurization, the use of pathogen-killing washes, or irradiation.

Since these herbs grow in the soil, they are susceptible to bacteria and parasites present in irrigation water and soil. Consuming food contaminated with these microorganisms can lead to illnesses. Pregnant women, who are already more vulnerable to food-borne diseases, face an increased risk.

During pregnancy, a woman’s immune system is suppressed, intensifying the severity and duration of food-borne illness symptoms. This heightened susceptibility may result in complications such as premature birth or miscarriage. While there is currently no specific warning against consuming raw cilantro during pregnancy, it is advisable for expectant mothers to exercise additional caution when incorporating coriander leaves into their diet.

Nutritional Benefits of Coriander Leaves

Coriander leaves, also known as cilantro, offer a wealth of nutritional benefits. Rich in vitamins A and C, these leaves provide a diverse array of essential nutrients. In addition to these vitamins, a single serving of coriander leaves contains dietary fiber, iron, manganese, calcium, vitamin K, phosphorus, and various other minerals. Trace amounts of sodium, zinc, and selenium further contribute to the nutritional profile.

This remarkable plant encompasses 11 different essential oils and boasts a low level of saturated fat. The essential oil within coriander is responsible for its distinct aroma and flavor. Coriander leaves also contain a significant amount of linoleic acid, known for its positive impact on health. According to a reliable source, 100 grams of coriander leaves provide the following nutritional values:

  • 23 kcal
  • 2.1 grams of protein
  • 3.67 grams of carbohydrates
  • 0.7 grams of fat
  • 67 mg of calcium
  • 521 mg potassium
  • 1.8 mg of iron
  • 4.7 grams of fiber
  • 24 mg of Vitamin C
  • 635 mg of Vitamin A
  • 310 mcg of Vitamin K

Benefits of Coriander Leaves During Pregnancy

Coriander leaves, commonly known as cilantro, offer numerous health benefits that are particularly advantageous for pregnant women. The unique chemical composition of cilantro leaves provides essential vitamins, macro- and microelements crucial for prenatal health, including:

Vitamin A (Beta-Carotene):

Supports immune system strengthening.

Folic Acid:

Vital for fetal development.

Vitamin K:

Contributes to bone health and healing.


Essential for various bodily functions.

Consuming coriander leaves during pregnancy brings about several health advantages:

Strengthens the Immune System:

– Rich in vitamins C and E, aiding immune system enhancement.

– Facilitates iron absorption and improves white blood cell function.

– Exhibits antimicrobial properties, protecting against infections in the urinary and digestive tracts.

Promotes Bone Health and Strength:

– Provides calcium, manganese, magnesium, and phosphorus crucial for bone health.

– Contains vitamin K, supporting bone healing and protection against conditions like osteoporosis.

May Help Control Blood Sugar Levels:

– Anti-diabetic effects potentially regulate insulin secretion, aiding in blood sugar level management.

– Beneficial for women with gestational diabetes or high blood sugar.

Fights Infections:

– Antibacterial qualities, including the potential to combat Salmonella infections.

– Coriander oil’s antibacterial properties can contribute to fighting food-borne illnesses.

Reduces LDL Cholesterol:

– Regular consumption may lower LDL (bad) cholesterol and increase HDL cholesterol.

– Particularly beneficial for pregnant women experiencing elevated cholesterol levels.

Improves Cardiovascular Health:

– Coriander extract acts as a diuretic, aiding in excess water and sodium removal, thus lowering blood pressure.

– Helps manage cholesterol levels and reduces the need for excessive sodium intake.

Aids in Improving Gut Health:

– High fiber content alleviates digestive issues like bloating, nausea, and gas.

– Shows promise in treating various gastrointestinal complaints.

Benefits Skin Health:

– Rich in iron, vitamin E, and vitamin A, providing defense against free radicals.

– Addresses common skin issues during pregnancy, such as acne and dry or oily skin.

– Acts as a natural antimicrobial, antiseptic, and antifungal, contributing to fresh and rejuvenated skin.

Incorporating coriander leaves into the diet during pregnancy offers a range of nutritional and health advantages, contributing to the well-being of both the mother and the developing baby.

Additional Benefits of Coriander Leaves

Incorporating coriander into your diet is akin to introducing a multivitamin due to its numerous health advantages. Coriander contributes to overall well-being, offering benefits such as boosting the immune system, regulating blood sugar, promoting hair growth, and enhancing skin health. Below are additional benefits of coriander leaves:

Digestive Health:

Stimulates liver function and supports regular bowel movements, making it effective against constipation.

Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment:

Abundant in vitamin K, coriander leaves may play a role in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease.

Anti-Cancer Properties:

The fat-soluble vitamin A and antioxidants present in coriander leaves exhibit anti-cancer properties, contributing to overall health.

Anti-Inflammatory Effects:

Well-documented anti-inflammatory properties make coriander beneficial for conditions like arthritis.

Antiseptic Treatment:

Acts as an antiseptic, providing relief for mouth ulcers.

Eye Health:

Antioxidants in coriander contribute to maintaining healthy eyes and serve as a remedy for conditions like conjunctivitis.

Nervous System Support:

Proven to support the nervous system, coriander has been shown to enhance memory capacity.

Anemia Treatment:

Particularly beneficial for individuals with anemia, coriander’s high iron content is crucial for effective treatment.

In addition to its culinary uses, coriander proves to be a versatile herb with a diverse range of health-promoting properties, making it a valuable addition to a balanced and nutritious diet.

Potential Risks Associated with Consuming Coriander Leaves During Pregnancy

The potential risks associated with consuming coriander leaves during pregnancy are primarily linked to the herb’s antiplatelet and anticoagulant properties. Antiplatelet agents may hinder the clotting function of platelets, posing concerns for pregnant women as it could potentially increase the risk of bleeding. Therefore, extra caution is advised for individuals prone to bleeding.

Cilantro, a type of coriander, is notably high in sodium. Pregnant women aiming to reduce salt intake should exercise caution when including cilantro in their diet.

Despite the numerous health benefits of coriander, it is recommended to use it sparingly during pregnancy, not exceeding 10 grams per day and avoiding daily consumption. This limitation is attributed to the herb’s hemostatic properties, which might lead to the formation of blood clots, especially in the early stages of pregnancy. It’s essential to be aware that coriander extract is more potent, and its use is not recommended throughout the entire pregnancy.

Individuals with existing respiratory issues should be mindful of excessive coriander consumption, as it may exacerbate symptoms and potentially contribute to acute breathing problems. Prolonged exposure could even lead to chronic lung diseases such as asthma. Additionally, some individuals may experience allergic reactions to coriander leaves, manifesting as mouth redness and nasopharynx swelling.


The recent surge in interest towards healthier lifestyle choices, including increased consumption of leafy greens and salads, reflects a growing public concern for health and well-being. Based on available data, coriander leaves are generally considered safe during pregnancy when cleaned and prepared following standard food safety practices. However, as with any herb, overconsumption of coriander leaves during pregnancy may lead to undesirable side effects, emphasizing the importance of moderation in incorporating this herb into the diet.


What herbs should I avoid when pregnant?

Certain herbs may pose risks during pregnancy. It is advisable to avoid herbs such as parsley, rosemary, sage, and thyme in medicinal amounts. Always consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice.

Is it safe to eat raw coriander leaves?

While coriander leaves are generally safe to consume during pregnancy, moderation is key. Excessive intake may lead to unwanted side effects. It is recommended to incorporate coriander leaves into your diet in small amounts and adhere to standard food safety practices.

Which spices should be avoided during pregnancy?

Some spices should be used cautiously during pregnancy. High doses of certain spices like cayenne pepper or excessive consumption of cinnamon may have potential risks. Consult with your healthcare provider for guidance on spice intake during pregnancy.

Who should not eat coriander?

Individuals with respiratory issues should be cautious about excessive coriander consumption, as it may worsen symptoms and potentially lead to acute breathing problems. Additionally, those prone to allergic reactions should be aware of the possibility of redness in the mouth and nasopharynx swelling after consuming coriander.


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