Can pregnant women eat cabbage?

During pregnancy, it’s recommended for expectant mothers to increase their intake of natural foods beneficial for both their health and the development of the fetus. Among these, vegetables and fruits containing ample fiber, vitamins, and minerals are food groups to consider incorporating into their daily diet. So, can pregnant women eat cabbage? This is a question many expecting women often inquire about.

Can pregnant women eat cabbage?
Can pregnant women eat cabbage?

Nutritional value of cabbage

Before understanding whether it’s permissible for pregnant women to eat cabbage, it’s essential to comprehend the nutritional composition of this food. According to the USDA nutrient database, per 100g of cabbage contains the following components:

– Energy: 25kcal.

– Carbohydrates: 5.8g.

– Protein: 1.28g.

– Dietary Fiber: 2.5g.

– Fat: 0.1g.

– Vitamin A: 5µg.

– Vitamin B6: 0.124mg.

– Vitamin C: 36.6mg.

– Vitamin K: 76µg.

– Niacin: 0.234mg.

– Iron: 0.47mg.

– Potassium: 170mg.

– Calcium: 40mg.

– Zinc: 0.18mg.

– Magnesium: 12mg.

– Phosphorus: 26mg.

Consuming cabbage during pregnancy can provide various essential nutrients necessary for maternal health and the baby’s development. However, pregnant women should always consult their healthcare provider or a nutritionist before making significant dietary changes to ensure it aligns with their individual health needs and pregnancy requirements.

Can pregnant women eat cabbage?

Regarding the question of whether pregnant women can consume cabbage, the answer is yes. Cabbage contains folic acid and omega-3, supporting the cognitive development of the child. Not only is cabbage a nutrient-rich vegetable, but it also possesses therapeutic benefits. With its high vitamin and nutrient content—3.6 times that of potatoes and 4.5 times that of carrots—it is highly beneficial for both pregnant women and their fetuses. Some of the benefits of cabbage include:

Alleviating constipation:

Cabbage, rich in fiber, aids in regulating bowel movements and improving digestion. Therefore, it helps alleviate the common issue of constipation during pregnancy.

Reducing swelling:

Cabbage leaves are effective in eliminating excess fluids from the body. Pregnant women can use cabbage leaves to reduce swelling during pregnancy. Simply wrap cabbage leaves around the swollen area to alleviate discomfort. Applying this method twice a day may enhance its effectiveness. Although research outcomes may vary, this could be a safe and natural approach for pregnant women to try.

Enhancing bone health:

Containing vitamin K and calcium, cabbage contributes to strong bones. Increased consumption of cabbage during pregnancy helps maintain healthy and flexible joints and bones.

Controlling blood pressure:

Cabbage is rich in electrolytes and minerals like iron, calcium, potassium, magnesium, and phosphorus, playing a vital role in regulating blood pressure and heart rhythm.

Preventing anemia:

Iron deficiency and anemia are common during pregnancy. Therefore, incorporating iron-rich foods like cabbage into the diet helps prevent pregnancy-related anemia.

Weight management:

Cabbage is a low-calorie food high in fiber, aiding effective weight control for pregnant women. It keeps you satiated for longer periods without storing excess fat.

Beneficial for fetal nervous system:

With its folate content, cabbage is essential for fetal development, reducing the risk of neural tube defects.

However, according to the American Pregnancy Association, excessive consumption of cabbage may lead to bloating and indigestion. To minimize these issues, pregnant women should avoid excessive intake of cabbage at once. It’s best to balance cabbage consumption with other nutrient-rich foods. Additionally, avoid consuming raw cabbage; wash it thoroughly and cook it before eating. Overcooking cabbage may lead to a loss of vitamins.

Essential Vegetables in a Pregnant Woman’s Diet

Chinese Cabbage

Chinese cabbage, also known as Bok Choy or Pak Choi, is a leafy green rich in essential minerals such as zinc, potassium, magnesium, iron, calcium, and abundant vitamins like folic acid, niacin, vitamins A, C, K, B1, B2, B6, crucial for maternal health. These minerals are essential for maternal needs and contribute to the fetus’s bone, dental, and brain development.


Broccoli is an indispensable vegetable in a pregnant woman’s diet. It is easy to incorporate into various dishes, offering substantial fiber, vitamins, and minerals beneficial for health. It is also a fantastic choice for baby food.


Celery is rich in vitamins and minerals beneficial for expectant mothers. Additionally, it contains nutrients such as nicotinic acid, carotene, fiber, promoting cooling effects, aiding in urination, and inducing tranquility.


Spinach is an excellent choice for pregnant women due to its cooling properties, aiding urination, richness in vitamins, and easy absorption of iron and calcium as it lacks oxalic acid, a hindrance to iron and calcium absorption.

Precautions When Consuming Cabbage During Pregnancy

Cabbage is a nutrient-dense cruciferous vegetable highly beneficial for overall health, especially for pregnant women. However, when consuming cabbage during pregnancy, consider the following:

– Wash cabbage thoroughly to eliminate impurities and bacteria before use.

– Pregnant women should consume cooked or stir-fried cabbage for food safety. Avoid eating raw cabbage.

– Moderation is key. Avoid excessive consumption of cabbage; a small serving per day is sufficient.

– If allergic to cruciferous vegetables, consider avoiding cabbage or consult a physician before incorporating it into the daily diet.

– Consume cabbage within a short period and avoid prolonged storage to retain its nutritional benefits. Opt for fresh cabbage for both maternal and fetal health.

In cases of gastric issues, gastric ulcers, colitis, or other digestive problems, consult a doctor before consuming cabbage.

Nutrient-Rich Cabbage-Based Recipes

Cabbage Stir-Fry with Meat or Shrimp

Stir-fried cabbage with meat, shrimp, or eggs offers a nutritious meal for expectant mothers. Meat, shrimp, or eggs provide protein, healthy fats, numerous vitamins, and minerals, enhancing the health of both the pregnant woman and the fetus.

Clean Cabbage Salad

A widely popular dish, cabbage salad offers substantial fiber to prevent constipation during pregnancy. Additionally, cabbage contains ample vitamin C and E, protecting the body from free radicals.

Cabbage Dumplings with Meat Filling

Cabbage-filled dumplings are a favorite dish for many, especially expectant mothers. The cabbage filling provides fiber and vitamin K, aiding in blood clotting. However, refrain from overconsumption to prevent excessive weight gain.

Carrot and Cabbage Soup

Carrot and cabbage soup is a delicious and nutritious choice, rich in fiber and vitamins. Both carrots and cabbage are high in vitamin A, boosting vision and the immune system while reducing the risk of infections.

Garlic Stir-Fried Cabbage

Garlic-stir-fried cabbage is a simple, easily prepared, and nutrient-rich dish. Cabbage contains abundant fiber, enhancing digestive function, while garlic possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

Although cabbage offers numerous nutrients, pregnant women should remember not to consume excessive amounts but diversify their vegetable intake to ensure a balanced diet throughout the gestation period. With explanations like this article, The Pregnancy Care wishes all mothers a stable health, using safe and beneficial products during pregnancy.


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