Is it safe for pregnant women to eat bread?

Bread is a common food in daily life, serving as a convenient breakfast option while offering health benefits. It contains starch, providing significant calories, and includes proteins and essential fats crucial for the fetus’ development. So, can pregnant women eat bread? How should it be consumed to ensure health during pregnancy? Let’s explore through the following article by The Pregnancy Care.

Is it safe for pregnant women to eat bread?
Is it safe for pregnant women to eat bread?

Can I eat bread while pregnant?

Pregnant women can eat bread as it contains essential nutrients for pregnant women and has few side effects, making it relatively safe for both mother and child. Moreover, bread comes in various forms that aid in easier digestion during pregnancy.

Therefore, pregnant women can consume bread but should consider moderation. This is because bread contains saturated fats and energy. Overconsumption might lead to obesity and nutritional imbalances. When buying bread from bakeries or packaged sources, it’s important to choose reputable, hygienic places and check the expiration date to ensure food safety.

Benefits of bread for expectant mothers

Improves digestion

Whole-grain bread is high in fiber. Pregnant women should cleverly combine bread with various vegetables to support digestion, enhance nutrient absorption, and alleviate constipation during pregnancy.

Reduces pregnancy stress

Pregnant women often experience emotional and psychological changes. Bread contains magnesium, zinc, phosphorus, vitamin B, vitamin E, etc., which help soothe the nerves, provide energy, and reduce emotional stress for expectant mothers, making them more energetic and cheerful.

Supports fetal development

Bread is not only suitable for mothers but also beneficial for babies. If mothers ensure adequate nutritional intake, especially sufficient starch, it ensures stable fetal development throughout pregnancy and reduces the risk of infants being undernourished due to maternal weight loss during pregnancy.

Benefits the baby’s bone health

Bread also contains a significant amount of calcium. Typically, 4 slices of white bread can provide about 164mg of calcium to the body. Therefore, consuming bread during pregnancy helps the baby’s skeletal system develop and also prevents calcium deficiency in pregnant women.

How pregnant women should benefit from eating bread

Bread can be prepared in various ways, but pregnant women should combine it with other ingredients to achieve a more balanced nutritional intake, avoiding a diet centered on only one or a few types of food. Bread should be eaten with eggs, fruits, and green vegetables to increase fiber intake and avoid monotony in eating. When consumed this way, pregnant women can still acquire necessary nutrients. However, they should limit consumption of sausages or processed meats due to their relatively high energy and fat content, which are not beneficial for pregnant women.

Instead of white bread, pregnant women should choose whole-grain, fiber-rich bread to enhance digestion, cleanse intestinal waste, slow down absorption, and control excessive weight gain. Some types of bread with high sugar or fried bread should be consumed less frequently as they generate body heat, which isn’t beneficial for fetal development.

Bread should only be eaten at breakfast or as a light snack between main meals. It shouldn’t be consumed frequently alongside other staple foods like rice, noodles, pasta, as it might cause excess energy and lead to obesity.

How to Eat Bread Appropriately for Pregnant Women

Egg-in-a-hole Sandwich


– 2 eggs

– 2-3 slices of whole-grain bread

– Seasoning, cooking oil


– Heat a pan with a little cooking oil, preferably olive oil for better health.

– When the oil is hot, add the eggs.

– Once the eggs are cooked, place them on a plate, sprinkle a little pepper, and serve with the bread.

Mayonnaise Sandwich


– Several slices of whole-grain bread

– 1 box of yogurt

– 15ml sweetened condensed milk

– 1 bottle of mayonnaise

– 0.5g cornstarch

– 7 – 10ml water


– Mix yogurt, condensed milk, and mayonnaise in a bowl.

– Dissolve cornstarch in water.

– Heat a pot on the stove, add the yogurt mixture, stir well, then add the cornstarch.

– Stir until the mixture thickens, then turn off the heat.

– Use a knife to cut the edges of the bread, flatten the middle.

– Apply a little milk to the edges, fold the bread, and press the edges with a fork.

– Fill a pastry bag with the milk filling, cut off a corner, and squeeze the filling into the bread.

– Brush milk on the surface of the bread and fold it to seal.

Bread Pizza


– Several slices of whole-grain bread

– Half an onion

– 1/2 bell pepper

– 3 tablespoons shredded cheese

– 2 tablespoons tomato sauce

– Seasoning: Salt, pepper, and tomato paste


– Peel and dice the onion.

– Rinse the bell pepper, remove the seeds, and cut into squares.

– Spread a thin layer of tomato sauce on the bread.

– Layer onion, pepper, a pinch of salt and pepper, cheese on the sandwich bread.

– Place the bread in an oven at 200°C for 5 – 7 minutes until the cheese melts.

Notes for Pregnant Women Eating Bread

When pregnant and craving bread, there are some important considerations:

– Pregnant women should eat bread with other ingredients to balance nutrients.

– Avoid excessive bread intake as it contains high gluten levels that may contribute to diabetes, increasing the risk of type 1 diabetes in the baby.

– Limit consumption of sausage or processed meats in bread due to their high energy and fat content, which aren’t beneficial for pregnant women.

– Avoid eating bread with spicy sauces that generate internal heat, which is not good for fetal development.

– Choose whole-grain bread for its fiber content, aiding in waste elimination from the intestines and controlling excessive weight gain.

– Consume bread only for breakfast or as a snack between meals, avoiding frequent intake or combining with other staples like rice or noodles, which might cause excessive energy intake leading to weight gain.

Currently, the question of whether pregnant women should eat bread is still debatable due to both its benefits and potential risks to the health of both the mother and baby. Pregnant women can eat bread, but in moderation to gain benefits while avoiding unnecessary risks.


How many servings of bread should a pregnant woman eat?

The number of servings of bread for a pregnant woman can vary depending on individual needs and dietary requirements. Generally, it’s recommended to choose whole-grain or whole-wheat options for added nutrients and fiber. A pregnant woman might consume about 6-8 servings of grains, and this can include bread, cereal, rice, or pasta. Moderation is key, and it’s essential to maintain a balanced diet by incorporating a variety of nutritious foods.

What foods should be avoided during pregnancy?

Certain foods should be avoided during pregnancy due to the risk of foodborne illnesses or potential harm to the developing baby. These include:

– Raw or undercooked meat and seafood: Risk of bacterial contamination.

– Unpasteurized dairy products: May contain harmful bacteria.

– Raw eggs: Risk of salmonella infection.

– Deli meats and hot dogs: Risk of listeria contamination.

– Certain types of fish high in mercury: Like shark, swordfish, king mackerel, and tilefish.

– Excessive caffeine: High caffeine intake might be harmful.

– Alcohol: Should be avoided entirely during pregnancy.

Can we eat bakery items during pregnancy?

Yes, you can consume bakery items during pregnancy, but it’s important to be cautious about the ingredients and preparation methods. Opt for bakery items made with safe and fresh ingredients. Avoid unpasteurized ingredients, raw or undercooked eggs, and be mindful of excessive sugar or unhealthy fats. Moderation is key, so enjoy bakery items occasionally while maintaining a balanced and nutritious diet for a healthy pregnancy.


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