Is it safe for pregnant women to eat watermelon?

Watermelon is a readily available fruit found in fruit stalls. It is particularly popular during the summer months as a refreshing snack. For pregnant women, consuming watermelon for hydration is quite common. So, can pregnant women eat watermelon? To address these concerns, The Pregnancy Care has presented the necessary information in the following article.

Nutritional value of watermelon?

Before answering the question, ‘Can pregnant women eat watermelon?’ let’s explore the components present in watermelon with AVAKids.

Watermelon is a fruit containing about 91% water and 7.6% carbohydrates. Notably, watermelon seems to contain no protein or fat and very few calories. In 100g of watermelon:

– Calories: 30

– Water: 91%

– Protein: 0.6g

– Carbohydrates: 7.6g

– Sugar: 6.2g

– Fiber: 0.4g

– Fat: 0.2g

Is it safe for pregnant women to eat watermelon?
Is it safe for pregnant women to eat watermelon?

Can pregnant women eat watermelon?

According to various studies, pregnant women can safely consume watermelon throughout their pregnancy, starting from the early stages. In fact, watermelon contains numerous nutrients beneficial for both the expectant mother and the fetus. Watermelon is advantageous for hydration and low in fat, which helps pregnant women manage weight gain during pregnancy. Expectant mothers can confidently include watermelon in their daily meals or as desserts after meals.

There are several ways to incorporate watermelon into daily consumption, such as having it as a dessert during meals, making juice for easier consumption, or even using it in salads.

What are the benefits of pregnant women eating watermelon?

Eating watermelon provides numerous advantages for both the fetus and the expectant mother, including:

Relief from heartburn

Pregnancy causes hormonal changes leading to discomfort, such as heartburn. Watermelon is known to soothe the digestive system, helping pregnant women alleviate heartburn and indigestion. So, if the stomach feels uneasy without hunger being the cause, try indulging in this delicious fruit.

Prevention of edema

Besides heartburn and indigestion, pregnant women often face edema (swelling of hands and feet) in the later months of pregnancy due to abnormal fluid accumulation in certain body tissues, leading to discomfort. The high water content in watermelon helps prevent congestion and reduce edema.

Alleviation of morning sickness

A glass of watermelon juice can alleviate morning sickness, a condition commonly experienced by expectant mothers in the first trimester. Additionally, drinking watermelon juice in the morning provides a substantial energy boost for a full day of activities.


Dehydration can cause fatigue during pregnancy, leading to indifference, boredom, or even, more seriously, preterm birth. If you’re not fond of drinking plain water, try consuming watermelon or its juice for hydration.

Boosting immunity

During pregnancy, the mother’s body works double-time to counteract health-affecting agents for both herself and the baby. Thus, having a robust immune system is crucial for expectant mothers. Watermelon contains the antioxidant lycopene, which significantly enhances the immune system. Therefore, incorporating this fruit into your diet is highly recommended.


Watermelon has diuretic properties that help eliminate toxins and reduce uric acid in the body. This characteristic also supports the efficient functioning of the liver and kidneys during pregnancy.

Reducing pregnancy cramps

Pregnant women constantly adapt to changes such as rapid weight gain and hormonal imbalances, often leading to uncomfortable cramps. Consuming watermelon daily helps reduce the discomfort caused by cramps during pregnancy, along with other remedies like hot and cold compresses.

Enhancing energy levels

Watermelon contains rich minerals like potassium and magnesium, along with vitamins A, B1, and B6, which naturally boost energy levels in the body. They are also beneficial for the development of the baby’s visual, immune, and nervous systems.

Preventing skin discoloration

Hormonal changes during pregnancy often result in dull and discolored skin. Eating watermelon daily improves the digestion process and toxin elimination, contributing to naturally radiant and blemish-free skin.

Preventing pre-eclampsia

High in lycopene, watermelon not only reduces cramps but also prevents pre-eclampsia, a condition that can significantly impact both the mother and the baby. Experts also advise that consuming a variety of fruits like watermelon decreases the chances of slow fetal growth in the womb.

Relieving constipation

Constipation is a common issue for pregnant women, both during pregnancy and after childbirth. However, this problem can be resolved by incorporating watermelon into the diet. Its high fiber content softens stool and aids in the body’s excretion process.

Promoting healthy fetal bone development

An essential reason for expectant mothers to include watermelon in their diet is its support in forming the baby’s bone and teeth structure. Watermelon contains significant amounts of calcium and potassium, essential minerals for the fetus’s development.

Adverse effects of excessive watermelon consumption during pregnancy

While watermelon is highly beneficial, improper consumption may lead to negative effects for pregnant women:

– Overconsumption of watermelon, in excessive amounts, can elevate the risk of gestational diabetes.

– Eating watermelon left outside overnight might result in diminished nutritional value and compromised food safety due to potential bacterial contamination or exposure to insects.

– If watermelon is not properly stored after being cut and exceeds a span of 4 hours, it could impact digestion as the fruit may spoil or undergo alterations.

– Particularly, consuming overly chilled watermelon during pregnancy might cause stomach discomfort, indigestion, or abdominal pain.

– Consuming watermelon with an unclear source might pose a risk of food poisoning.

Instances when pregnant women should avoid watermelon:

Even though watermelon is a hydrating, benign fruit beneficial for expectant mothers, pregnant women in the following scenarios should limit or refrain from consuming watermelon to avoid adverse effects during pregnancy:

– When experiencing a cold: According to traditional medicine, watermelon possesses cooling properties and may exacerbate cold symptoms. Therefore, consuming watermelon while suffering from a cold could slow down the body’s detoxification process, prolonging the illness.

– Gestational diabetes: Pregnant women with diabetes are typically advised to consume minimal or no watermelon due to its relatively high sugar content, potentially impacting the health of both the mother and the fetus.

– Digestive issues: Watermelon, being a cooling food, may not be suitable for sensitive digestive systems. Its consumption may lead to bloating, indigestion, and discomfort for individuals with digestive disorders, potentially causing harm to the stomach and intestines.

– Kidney-related problems: High in potassium, watermelon consumption for pregnant women with kidney issues might disrupt blood filtration, increasing the risk of heart problems.

– Mouth ulcers: Despite watermelon’s diuretic and cooling properties, excessive consumption could result in excessive fluid loss, potentially aggravating mouth ulcers and delaying healing.

– Threatened miscarriage signs: Watermelon’s cooling nature might induce abdominal coldness and adversely affect the health of pregnant women, especially those with signs of threatened miscarriage. Avoiding this fruit is advisable for a safer pregnancy.

How much watermelon should pregnant women eat per day?

Although the question of whether pregnant women can consume watermelon has been answered, the recommended daily intake might not be commonly known. To ensure health and nutrition for expectant mothers, it’s advised to consume around 400 grams of watermelon per day, equivalent to 3 to 4 moderate-sized slices. Maintaining a balanced diet helps pregnant women reap the nutritional benefits of watermelon without exceeding the recommended quantity.

Should pregnant women eat chilled watermelon – Yes or No?

Despite being a nutrient-rich fruit, as previously mentioned and recommended for pregnant women, the consumption of watermelon should be moderate to prevent potential health risks. It’s important to note that excessive intake of chilled watermelon should be avoided to prevent excess sugar in the blood, posing dangers to the fetus’s development.

Furthermore, during pregnancy, women often experience emotional instability, leading to physiological abnormalities and complicating insulin synthesis and regulation. This could contribute to an increased risk of diabetes, causing severe complications for both the mother and the baby.

Additionally, pregnant women should avoid consuming excessively chilled or frozen watermelon to prevent stomach discomfort and diarrhea, which may lead to dehydration. While chilled watermelon provides instant relief from heat, it may harbor numerous bacteria, potentially causing diarrhea in expectant mothers. Therefore, it’s recommended to consume freshly cut watermelon without refrigeration or freezing to preserve its taste and nutrients.

In conclusion, pregnant women should refrain from consuming excessively chilled watermelon and practice moderation for the sake of their health and their child’s well-being. Despite being a favored cooling fruit, mothers should consume watermelon in appropriate amounts, reducing the risk of gestational diabetes.

Safely Consuming Watermelon During Pregnancy

After understanding whether it is safe for expecting mothers to eat watermelon, it’s essential to delve into safe consumption practices for both mother and baby.

Timing of Watermelon Consumption

The timing of consuming watermelon is crucial as it affects the body’s digestion and absorption of nutrients. Generally, you can eat watermelon at any time of the day. During pregnancy and when craving watermelon, it’s advisable to consume it roughly 1 to 2 hours before a main meal.

Additionally, avoid eating watermelon after 8 PM as the digestive process slows down during this time, making it harder to digest a substantial amount of watermelon. Note that due to its high water content, watermelon may increase the need to urinate. Hence, it’s recommended to limit consumption before bedtime, especially in the evening.

Avoid Prolonged Storage of Watermelon

It’s not advisable to eat watermelon that has been stored for an extended period, especially watermelon that has been cut and stored in the refrigerator for several days. During this time, it may lose its nutritional value and compromise hygiene, potentially becoming contaminated by bacteria or partially spoiled.

Pregnant women should also avoid consuming chilled watermelon. Eating chilled or refrigerated watermelon may lead to throat irritation, stomach discomfort, and difficulties in digestion.

Limit Watermelon Consumption with Gestational Diabetes

Can pregnant women with gestational diabetes eat watermelon? The answer is yes, but moderation is key. Considering watermelon’s Glycemic Index (GI) of 72/100, it’s relatively high. Therefore, pregnant individuals with diabetes or gestational diabetes should be cautious when consuming this fruit. When consuming watermelon, pregnant women with diabetes should:

– Limit intake to not more than 200g per day, divided into 2-3 small servings.

– Preferably consume watermelon after a main meal, allowing a gap of 2-3 hours to avoid sudden blood sugar spikes.

– Eat small portions and refrain from drinking watermelon juice to slow down sugar absorption.

These guidelines aim to address the question, ‘Is it safe for pregnant women to eat watermelon?’ Hopefully, this article provides readers with useful knowledge about using watermelon during pregnancy to properly nourish their bodies. Stay updated with The Pregnancy Care for more informative health-related insights!


Can I eat watermelon while pregnant?

Yes, it is generally safe for pregnant women to consume watermelon. It’s a hydrating fruit with essential nutrients like vitamins A, C, and B6, as well as minerals like potassium. However, it’s important to moderate intake and consider factors like gestational diabetes or any personal allergies.

Can a pregnant woman eat watermelon seeds?

Consuming a few watermelon seeds accidentally while eating the fruit is usually harmless. However, swallowing a large quantity of seeds might cause discomfort or gastrointestinal issues. It’s advisable to remove seeds before eating or opt for seedless varieties to avoid any potential problems.

Can a pregnant woman eat watermelon with milk?

Combining watermelon with milk is not harmful during pregnancy. However, some people believe that mixing these two might cause digestive issues due to conflicting digestion times. While there’s no scientific evidence of this being harmful, it’s advisable to listen to your body and avoid if it causes any discomfort.


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