Is it safe to eat blue cheese while pregnant?

Cravings pose a challenge during pregnancy. Cheese is a ubiquitous ingredient found in a variety of dishes, including sandwiches, dips, quesadillas, pizzas, and rice bowls, making melted cheese a cherished delicacy for expectant mothers. However, pregnant women often have to forgo cheese due to the risk associated with soft cheeses made from unpasteurized milk.

Consuming soft cheese during pregnancy increases the risk of contamination by Listeria, a bacteria that can induce flu-like symptoms and potentially cross the placental barrier, affecting the baby. Yet, what if the mother opts for hard blue cheese instead of the soft variety? The issue of blue cheese and pregnancy is a complex one, and we will delve into it further below.

Is it safe to eat blue cheese while pregnant?
Is it safe to eat blue cheese while pregnant?

What Is Blue Cheese?

Blue cheese is a type of aged cheese crafted from cow’s, goat’s, or sheep’s milk. Renowned for its distinct marbling, this cheese boasts a salty, sharp, and pungent flavor profile. While low in fat, it contains high levels of sodium, warranting caution for those monitoring their blood pressure. Although mold in food is often viewed as hazardous, not all molds are alike. In cheese, these molds do not generate the mycotoxins and aflatoxins typically associated with toxins. Hence, consuming blue cheese is safe, and its spotted appearance merely indicates the fermentation process.

Interestingly, incorporating pasteurized blue cheese into your diet can enhance gut health. Emerging studies suggest that blue cheese consumption may even promote cardiovascular health and mitigate signs of aging.

What Is It Made Up Of?

Blue cheese is primarily crafted from pasteurized cow’s or sheep’s milk, with the mold penicillium cultures being integral to its distinctive appearance. Many tales surrounding the origins of blue cheese involve someone inadvertently leaving their cheese in a cave, only to return and discover it has developed characteristic spots.

Roquefort blue cheese, for instance, is produced using ewe’s milk. The blocks are infused with Penicillium roqueforti mold, and it takes approximately three to six months for the spores to mature. Subsequently, machines may be employed to create finer perforations in the blocks once the spots have emerged. Gorgonzola blue cheese, on the other hand, is often prepared in caves due to the stable and moist environment, contributing to its unique characteristics.

While some blue cheeses exhibit soft and salty profiles, others may be firm and pungent. Popular varieties worldwide include Bleu de Bresse, Bleu d’Auvergne, Danablu, and Blue Cheshire, each offering a spectrum of flavors from mild to bold. The most delectable blue cheeses typically originate from goat’s or sheep’s milk sourced from rural locales.

Can You Have Blue Cheese While Pregnant?

Can you consume blue cheese while pregnant? Yes, but caution is advised. Most blue cheeses are crafted from unpasteurized goat’s milk, which can harbor Listeria bacteria, known to trigger miscarriages. To mitigate this risk, it’s recommended to either cook the cheese or opt for pasteurized blue cheese varieties. Listeriosis, resulting from exposure to these bacteria, weakens the mother’s immune system, heightening susceptibility to diseases and infections. Moreover, abnormal child development after birth is a potential consequence of Listeriosis, making cooked blue cheese a safer choice for expectant mothers.

Unsafe Types of Blue Cheese During Pregnancy

During pregnancy, it’s advisable for women to steer clear of all soft blue cheeses. These varieties often harbor higher levels of Listeria bacteria, posing potential complications during pregnancy. Examples of unsafe soft blue cheeses include:

  • Gorgonzola cheese.
  • Roquefort cheese.
  • Cambozola cheese.
  • Blue brie.
  • Danish blue.

Consuming blue cheese salad dressing also carries a risk of Listeria contamination, so it’s important to exercise caution.

Risks of Consuming Unsafe Blue Cheese During Pregnancy

Eating unsafe blue cheese during pregnancy can lead to various risks, including:

  • Increased risk of Listeriosis, a condition causing flu-like symptoms and miscarriages.
  • Symptoms such as diarrhea, fever, and headaches.
  • Weakening of the immune system and potential illnesses in newborns.
  • Abnormal development of the baby in the womb.

Safe Cheese Options During Pregnancy

Opting for hard blue cheese during pregnancy is generally a safe choice. Additionally, the following soft blue cheeses are safe to consume during pregnancy if they are pasteurized:

  • Halloumi and goat cheese.
  • Cream cheese.
  • Cottage cheese and paneer.
  • Processed cheese spreads.
  • Mozzarella cheese.

An exception to the rule of avoiding unpasteurized blue cheese is Stilton. Despite being a hard blue cheese, Stilton’s higher acidity and low moisture levels render any bacteria harmless. Therefore, Stilton made from unpasteurized milk is considered very safe to consume during pregnancy. However, apart from Stilton, it’s crucial to avoid all soft and hard cheeses made from unpasteurized milk.

Safely Enjoying Blue Cheese During Pregnancy

For cheese enthusiasts navigating pregnancy, the question of indulging in one of the most divisive cheeses, blue cheese, may arise. While many cheeses are restricted during pregnancy due to the risk of listeria, a bacterial infection potentially harmful to both mother and baby, the good news is that with a few precautions, blue cheese can be safely enjoyed. By adhering to some simple guidelines, you can satisfy your cravings for this distinctive, pungent flavor without compromising safety.

Tips for Safely Consuming Blue Cheese During Pregnancy

If you’re pregnant and craving blue cheese, there are several steps you can take to ensure its safe consumption:

  1. Opt for pasteurized blue cheese: Always select blue cheese made from pasteurized milk. Pasteurization involves heating the milk to a high temperature to eliminate harmful bacteria, rendering the cheese safe for pregnancy.
  2. Verify the label: Carefully examine the label to confirm that the cheese is crafted from pasteurized milk. If uncertain, it’s best to abstain from consumption to prioritize safety.
  3. Consume it cooked: If you remain apprehensive about the safety of blue cheese, consider consuming it cooked. Heating the cheese to at least 165°F (74°C) will effectively eliminate any potential harmful bacteria.
  4. Maintain proper food hygiene: Store blue cheese correctly in the refrigerator and prevent cross-contamination by using separate cutting boards and utensils for raw meats and cheeses.

By adhering to these straightforward measures, you can relish the tangy, complex flavors of blue cheese safely during pregnancy.

Safety Guidelines

In matters of safety, it’s crucial to prioritize caution. Here are two fundamental safety guidelines to bear in mind:

  1. Prioritize caution: When uncertain, it’s preferable to err on the side of caution. If unsure about the safety of a particular food or activity, it’s advisable to avoid it altogether to mitigate potential risks.
  2. Uphold good hygiene practices: Maintaining good hygiene is essential for overall health and illness prevention. Regularly wash your hands, particularly before eating or handling food, and prevent cross-contamination by utilizing separate cutting boards and utensils for raw meats and produce.

By adhering to these basic safety principles, you can safeguard yourself and your loved ones, promoting health and well-being throughout pregnancy.

Safe Blue Cheese Meal Ideas During Pregnancy

If you’re wondering how to utilize your hard blue cheeses during pregnancy, there’s no shortage of delicious options. While countless recipes are available online, we’ll highlight some of our favorite dishes that incorporate blue cheese into their flavors.

  1. Blue Cheese Pizza: Satisfy your pizza cravings by sprinkling hard blue cheese over your favorite toppings. Whether it’s mushrooms, jalapenos, vegetables, or spices, adding blue cheese to your pizza creates a delightful combination of flavors. Indulge in this dish to fulfill your cravings for both bread and cheese while maintaining a healthy diet.
  2. Tortilla Wraps: Create a nutritious meal by stuffing tortillas with juicy chicken breast, salads, and melted blue cheese. Tortillas offer protein, fiber, and carbs, making them a great addition to your diet during pregnancy. Boost your iron and folate intake with this guilt-free indulgence.
  3. Blue Cheese Steak: Enhance the flavor of a juicy beef steak by topping it with gooey melted blue cheese. Pair it with fries and salad for a wholesome meal. If you prefer seafood, opt for a grilled fish steak topped with shredded pasteurized blue cheese and seaweed for a delicious alternative.
  4. Blue Cheese Dips: Utilize the versatility of blue cheese by preparing dips that can accompany salads, tacos, burritos, or crackers for occasional indulgence.
  5. Fresh Salads: Revamp your salads by incorporating pasteurized blue cheese sauce for added creaminess. Top your salads with chicken breast, nuts, veggies, and olive oil for a nutritious and filling meal.

What to Do If a Pregnant Woman Accidentally Consumes Unpasteurized Blue Cheese

If you accidentally consume unpasteurized soft blue cheese during pregnancy, remain calm. Symptoms of Listeriosis typically take around 30 days to manifest. However, monitor your health for signs of flu and fever. If your fever exceeds 100.5°F (38°C), contact your healthcare provider for assistance.

While some cases may result in no symptoms, it’s essential to remain vigilant and seek medical attention if necessary to prevent the infection from worsening. Consider undergoing a blood test to confirm whether infection has occurred. Early diagnosis often involves antibiotic treatment for effective management.

In summary, remember to cook soft blue cheese and ensure it’s made from pasteurized milk to minimize risks during pregnancy. Pasteurization eliminates bacteria, ensuring safety for both you and your baby.


What types of cheese should you avoid during pregnancy?

During pregnancy, it’s recommended to avoid soft cheeses made from unpasteurized milk, such as Brie, Camembert, feta, and blue cheese. These cheeses can harbor harmful bacteria like Listeria, which poses risks to both the mother and the baby.

Can I consume Domino’s blue cheese while pregnant?

It’s generally advisable to avoid consuming blue cheese during pregnancy, including varieties found in products like Domino’s blue cheese dressing or blue cheese toppings. These products may contain unpasteurized blue cheese, which can pose risks due to potential Listeria contamination. It’s best to opt for pasteurized cheese options to ensure safety during pregnancy.

Is it safe to eat blueberries while pregnant?

Yes, blueberries are safe to eat during pregnancy and can even provide beneficial nutrients such as antioxidants, fiber, and vitamins. Including blueberries in your diet during pregnancy can contribute to overall health and well-being. However, it’s essential to wash them thoroughly before consumption to remove any potential contaminants.

Can I eat blue cheese while pregnant?

Pregnant women are generally advised to avoid consuming blue cheese, as it may contain Listeria bacteria, which can pose risks to both the mother and the baby’s health. Opting for pasteurized blue cheese varieties can help reduce the risk of contamination and make it safer to consume during pregnancy.

What cheeses should you avoid when pregnant?

It’s recommended for pregnant women to avoid soft cheeses made from unpasteurized milk, including varieties like Brie, Camembert, feta, and blue cheese. These cheeses can potentially harbor harmful bacteria such as Listeria, which can lead to infections and complications during pregnancy.

Who shouldn’t eat blue cheese?

Individuals with compromised immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS, cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, elderly individuals, and pregnant women, should avoid consuming blue cheese and other unpasteurized cheeses. These populations are more susceptible to infections caused by Listeria bacteria present in unpasteurized cheese products.

Can Blue Cheese Crumbles and Dressing Be Consumed Safely During Pregnancy?

For expectant mothers contemplating the safety of consuming blue cheese crumbles and dressing, the answer isn’t straightforward. While some blue cheese products, particularly those made from pasteurized milk, may pose minimal risk during pregnancy, others could harbor Listeria bacteria, potentially endangering both mother and baby. If uncertain about the safety of a specific blue cheese product, it’s advisable to seek guidance from your healthcare provider or abstain altogether. Remember, prioritizing caution is key to safeguarding maternal and fetal health.

Is Cooked Blue Cheese Safe for Consumption During Pregnancy?

Expectant mothers craving dishes featuring cooked blue cheese may question its safety. Fortunately, in most instances, properly cooked blue cheese is considered safe for consumption during pregnancy. Adequate cooking temperatures can effectively eliminate harmful bacteria like Listeria that might be present. Nonetheless, it’s essential to recognize that not all blue cheese products carry the same risk level, and some may pose a greater likelihood of contamination. As always, when uncertain about the safety of a particular food or dish, consulting with your healthcare provider before indulging is prudent.

During pregnancy, managing dietary choices can be challenging, but incorporating cheese can certainly enhance culinary enjoyment. And let’s face it, who can resist the allure of blue cheese? We certainly can’t!


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