What causes abdominal pain at six months pregnancy?

Abdominal pain is one of the common symptoms during the final trimester of pregnancy. Expectant mothers may feel discomfort in the upper or lower abdomen, with intermittent, cramp-like pains. There are various reasons causing abdominal pain for pregnant women in the sixth month, most of which generally do not pose significant risks to both the mother and the baby. However, severe pain might signal a more serious issue. In such cases, it’s crucial for the mother to promptly inform her doctor for timely detection and treatment.

This article will delve into the possible causes of abdominal pain in the sixth month of pregnancy and ways to alleviate these symptoms.

What causes abdominal pain at six months pregnancy?
What causes abdominal pain at six months pregnancy?

Ultrasound Monitoring for Fetal Development Weekly

By the sixth month, the fetus in the womb is almost fully formed and significantly more robust. At this stage, the baby weighs around 600 grams, measuring about 30 – 35 centimeters. Most of the baby’s organs have developed completely, except for the lungs, which are still maturing.

The baby’s skin remains wrinkled due to the accumulation of fat beneath the skin. Facial features become more defined and observable through ultrasound imaging; the retina has formed and appears blurry. The baby’s sensory organs also start functioning, responding to sounds, and their kicking movements become more pronounced.

Is Abdominal Pain in the Sixth Month of Pregnancy Normal?

Abdominal pain, particularly from the sixth month onward, is a common occurrence during pregnancy. Mothers may experience frequent, recurring bouts of mild pain in the lower abdomen or inside the uterus. This discomfort usually does not cause localized sharp pain and is not accompanied by other symptoms like backache or swelling.

During the sixth month, the baby’s body takes up more space within the mother’s uterus. Consequently, the uterus expands and stretches to accommodate the growing fetus, leading to sensations of mild discomfort or cramping, notably in the lower abdomen. This symptom is entirely normal, poses no threat to the mother or baby’s health, and typically subsides after a short period.

However, if prolonged abdominal pain is accompanied by symptoms like fever, bleeding, or fluid discharge, it’s essential for the expectant mother to immediately contact a doctor for examination, assessment, and appropriate treatment. Should any worrisome or uncomfortable symptoms arise, pregnant women should seek medical advice to ensure the well-being of both themselves and their babies.

Causes of Abdominal Pain in the Sixth Month of Pregnancy

Abdominal cramping is a common symptom experienced by many pregnant women in the sixth month of their pregnancy. Let’s explore some reasons behind this phenomenon:

Uterine Expansion

Throughout pregnancy, a woman’s uterus continuously expands to provide space for the developing fetus. By the sixth month, the uterus has significantly increased in size, exerting considerable pressure on the pelvic bones. This expansion affects the skin and muscles in the abdomen, causing the expectant mother to experience cramping sensations.

Fetal Growth

During the time spent in the mother’s womb, the fetus undergoes rapid development and kicks against the internal organs of the uterus and the mother’s abdomen. In the sixth month, the fetus becomes highly sensitive to light and sound, intensifying their kicking movements. This can contribute to abdominal discomfort and uneasiness for the mother.

Bloating and Constipation

Constipation is one of the most common symptoms during pregnancy. In the final trimester, the rapidly growing fetus presses against the uterus, increasing pressure on the pelvic region. This pressure affects the mother’s stomach and intestines, reducing space for digestion and nutrient absorption, leading to difficulty in bowel movements. Additionally, rapid weight gain combined with decreased physical activity increases the likelihood of constipation during the later months of pregnancy.

Pregnant women should incorporate high-fiber foods and ensure adequate water intake to aid digestion and reduce constipation during pregnancy. If necessary, they can discuss this issue with a doctor to receive prescriptions for stool softeners to improve bowel movements.

Other Symptoms in Pregnant Women During the Sixth Month

During the sixth month of pregnancy, apart from abdominal pain, expectant mothers may encounter the following symptoms:

– Back Pain: As the fetus grows, its body weight exerts pressure on the mother’s spine, leading to backaches, particularly in the lower back that might extend to the hips and buttocks.

– Swelling in the Feet: Pregnancy induces the production of more bodily fluids to nourish the fetus, resulting in fluid retention, particularly in the feet. Swelling in the feet often accompanies discomfort and cramping sensations.

– Acid Reflux: Heartburn is a common symptom. As the fetus grows, it exerts increased pressure on the abdomen, exacerbating acid reflux symptoms. Prolonged acid reflux can cause upper abdominal pain and a burning sensation. In such cases, it’s advisable to have smaller meals, opt for a low-acid diet, or consult a doctor for suitable medications.

– Fatigue, Weakness: The expectant mother’s body constantly works to sustain the fetus’s development, leading to occasional feelings of fatigue, weakness, and intermittent abdominal cramping.

Ways to Alleviate Abdominal Cramps for Mothers at Six Months Pregnant

Abdominal cramps can induce discomfort and adversely affect the well-being of expectant mothers. To mitigate these symptoms, consider the following measures:

– Take Rest: Firstly, avoid excessive stress and anxiety; take some time to rest, possibly using a pillow under the abdomen to relieve pressure and provide additional support to the belly. Abdominal cramps may result from the uterus contracting and the fetus’s growth; therefore, resting can alleviate these symptoms.

– Limit Strenuous Activities: Avoid sudden position changes or abrupt movements like sudden sitting or standing. Particularly, refrain from activities that strain the abdominal muscles, such as bending or twisting, which might exacerbate abdominal discomfort.

– Gentle Abdominal Massage: A mild massage in the abdominal area can alleviate uterine contractions, offering a more comfortable sensation and reducing abdominal pain.

– Warm Compress: Applying a warm compress to the abdomen is a simple method to reduce abdominal cramps.

– Ensure Adequate Hydration: Maintain sufficient daily water intake to balance fluid levels in the body, reduce constipation, and alleviate abdominal pain.

– Dietary Adjustments: Opt for lighter meals, avoid overeating, limit fatty foods, and incorporate fiber-rich fruits and vegetables to support digestion.

– Consult a Doctor: If symptoms persist, extend over time, or if abdominal pain is accompanied by fever, nausea, difficulty breathing, bleeding, or fluid discharge, promptly inform your doctor for assessment and appropriate treatment.

It’s crucial to listen to your body during this period. Expectant mothers should pay attention to bodily reactions to assess their current condition accurately. These measures are temporary and aim to ensure the safety of both mother and baby. If the expectant mother continues to feel concerned, contacting a doctor for more detailed guidance is advisable.

For cases of abdominal cramping at the sixth month of pregnancy, remaining calm is key. In most instances, abdominal cramps typically do not significantly impact the mother or baby. However, if prolonged pain or accompanying symptoms like fever, nausea, dizziness, bleeding, or fluid discharge persist, it’s essential to notify a doctor for timely intervention. Expectant mothers should listen to their bodies to make accurate assessments, ensuring the health of both themselves and their babies.


What are the problems in the 6th month of pregnancy?

Some common issues experienced during the sixth month of pregnancy include:

– Abdominal cramping or discomfort due to the expanding uterus and fetal growth.

– Back pain caused by the increasing weight of the fetus.

– Swelling in the feet due to fluid retention.

– Acid reflux and heartburn.

– Fatigue and general discomfort due to the body’s continuous adjustments to accommodate the growing fetus.

Is it normal to feel cramps at 6 months?

Yes, feeling cramps during the sixth month of pregnancy is quite common. As the uterus expands and the baby continues to grow, mild cramping or discomfort in the abdomen can be experienced. These cramps are usually a result of the stretching of the uterus and the pressure exerted by the growing baby.

Is pain normal at 6 months pregnant?

Some degree of pain or discomfort during the sixth month of pregnancy is considered normal. However, severe or persistent pain, especially if accompanied by other concerning symptoms like fever, bleeding, nausea, or difficulty breathing, should be promptly discussed with a healthcare provider. It’s essential to differentiate between normal discomfort and symptoms that might indicate potential issues requiring medical attention.


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